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Evolutionary Biology

Section edited by Fyodor Kondrashov and Puri Lopez-Garcia

This section aims to yield an integrative and interdisciplinary view of evolution. Suitable research directions include molecular and mechanistic aspects of evolution as well as studies focusing on the evolutionary process, such as phylogenetic patterns and relationships. Conceptual, experimental and theoretical studies are equally appreciated as long as the central research direction is any aspect of evolution. Evolutionary hypotheses are welcome as long as they are based on the most rigorous scientific standards.

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  1. The knowledge of the history of a subject stimulates understanding. As we study how other people have made scientific breakthroughs, we develop the breadth of imagination that would inspire us to make new disc...

    Authors: Péter Poczai and Jorge A. Santiago-Blay
    Citation: Biology Direct 2021 16:19
  2. Many hypotheses have been proposed for how sexual reproduction may facilitate an increase in the population mean fitness, such as the Fisher-Muller theory, Muller’s ratchet and others. According to the recentl...

    Authors: Liudmyla Vasylenko, Marcus W. Feldman and Adi Livnat
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:26
  3. Chron’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory intestinal disease, first described at the beginning of the last century. The disease is characterized by the alternation of periods of flares and remissions influence...

    Authors: L. Petagna, A. Antonelli, C. Ganini, V. Bellato, M. Campanelli, A. Divizia, C. Efrati, M. Franceschilli, A. M. Guida, S. Ingallinella, F. Montagnese, B. Sensi, L. Siragusa and G. S. Sica
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:23
  4. The origin of the selective nuclear protein import machinery, which consists of nuclear pore complexes and adaptor molecules interacting with the nuclear localization signals (NLSs) of cargo molecules, is one ...

    Authors: Olga M. Lisitsyna, Margarita A. Kurnaeva, Eugene A. Arifulin, Maria Y. Shubina, Yana R. Musinova, Andrey A. Mironov and Eugene V. Sheval
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:9
  5. Until recently, our planet was thought to be home to ~ 107 species, largely belonging to plants and animals. Despite being the most abundant organisms on Earth, the contribution of microbial life to global biodiv...

    Authors: Jay T. Lennon and Kenneth J. Locey
    Citation: Biology Direct 2020 15:5
  6. Determining the factors involved in the likelihood of a gene being under adaptive selection is still a challenging goal in Evolutionary Biology. Here, we perform an evolutionary analysis of the human metabolic...

    Authors: Begoña Dobon, Ludovica Montanucci, Juli Peretó, Jaume Bertranpetit and Hafid Laayouni
    Citation: Biology Direct 2019 14:17
  7. In the recent years, genomic and pan-genomic studies have become increasingly important. Culturomics allows to study human microbiota through the use of different culture conditions, coupled with a method of r...

    Authors: Aurélia Caputo, Pierre-Edouard Fournier and Didier Raoult
    Citation: Biology Direct 2019 14:5
  8. Some tumor cells can evolve into transmissible parasites. Notable examples include the Tasmanian devil facial tumor disease, the canine transmissible venereal tumor and transmissible cancers of mollusks. We pr...

    Authors: A. Y. Panchin, V. V. Aleoshin and Y. V. Panchin
    Citation: Biology Direct 2019 14:3
  9. A recent paper by (Gerlitz et al., Biol Direct 13:21, 2018) questions the validity of the data underlying prior analyses on the bioenergetics capacities of cells, and continues to promote the idea that the mit...

    Authors: Michael Lynch and Georgi K. Marinov
    Citation: Biology Direct 2018 13:26

    The Comment to this article has been published in Biology Direct 2018 13:21

  10. The relatively fast selection of symbiotic bacteria within hosts and the potential transmission of these bacteria across generations of hosts raise the question of whether interactions between host and bacteri...

    Authors: Dino Osmanovic, David A. Kessler, Yitzhak Rabin and Yoav Soen
    Citation: Biology Direct 2018 13:24
  11. The origin of eukaryotic cells was an important transition in evolution. The factors underlying the origin and evolutionary success of the eukaryote lineage are still discussed. One camp argues that mitochondr...

    Authors: Marie Gerlitz, Michael Knopp, Nils Kapust, Joana C. Xavier and William F. Martin
    Citation: Biology Direct 2018 13:21

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Biology Direct 2018 13:26

  12. Genetic parasites, including viruses and mobile genetic elements, are ubiquitous among cellular life forms, and moreover, are the most abundant biological entities on earth that harbor the bulk of the genetic ...

    Authors: Eugene V. Koonin, Yuri I. Wolf and Mikhail I. Katsnelson
    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:31
  13. During the generation and evolution of the eukaryotic cell, a proteobacterial endosymbiont was re-fashioned into the mitochondrion, an organelle that appears to have been present in the ancestor of all present...

    Authors: Güleycan Lutfullahoğlu-Bal, Abdurrahman Keskin, Ayşe Bengisu Seferoğlu and Cory D. Dunn
    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:16
  14. Acanthamoebidae is a “family” level amoebozoan group composed of the genera Acanthamoeba, Protacanthamoeba, and very recently Luapeleamoeba. This clade of amoebozoans has received considerable attention from the ...

    Authors: Alexander K. Tice, Lora L. Shadwick, Anna Maria Fiore-Donno, Stefan Geisen, Seungho Kang, Gabriel A. Schuler, Frederick W. Spiegel, Katherine A. Wilkinson, Michael Bonkowski, Kenneth Dumack, Daniel J. G. Lahr, Eckhard Voelcker, Steffen Clauß, Junling Zhang and Matthew W. Brown
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:69
  15. The Tim17 family of proteins plays a fundamental role in the biogenesis of mitochondria. Three Tim17 family proteins, Tim17, Tim22, and Tim23, are the central components of the widely conserved multi-subunit p...

    Authors: Vojtěch Žárský and Pavel Doležal
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:54
  16. Evolutionary game theory (EGT) has been widely used to simulate tumour processes. In almost all studies on EGT models analysis is limited to two or three phenotypes. Our model contains four main phenotypes. Mo...

    Authors: Andrzej Świerniak and Michał Krześlak
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:53
  17. Although biology has achieved great successes in recent years, we have not got a clear idea on “what is life?” Actually, as explained here, the main reason for this situation is that there are two completely d...

    Authors: Wentao Ma
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:49
  18. Species-rich adaptive radiations arising from rare plant and animal colonizers are common on remote volcanic archipelagoes. However, they present a paradox. The severe genetic bottleneck of founder events and ...

    Authors: Elysse M. Craddock
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:44
  19. For a long time biologists and linguists have been noticing surprising similarities between the evolution of life forms and languages. Most of the proposed analogies have been rejected. Some, however, have per...

    Authors: Johann-Mattis List, Jananan Sylvestre Pathmanathan, Philippe Lopez and Eric Bapteste
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:39
  20. The PVC super-phylum gathers bacteria from seven phyla (Planctomycetes, Verrucomicrobiae, Chlamydiae, Lentisphaera, Poribacteria, OP3, WWE2) presenting different lifestyles, cell plans and environments. Planctomy...

    Authors: Sandrine Pinos, Pierre Pontarotti, Didier Raoult, Jean Pierre Baudoin and Isabelle Pagnier
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:38
  21. Eukaryogenesis, a major transition in evolution of life, originated from the symbiogenic fusion of an archaea with a metabolically versatile bacterium. By general consensus, the latter organism belonged to α p...

    Authors: Mauro Degli Esposti, Diego Cortez, Luis Lozano, Simon Rasmussen, Henrik Bjørn Nielsen and Esperanza Martinez Romero
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:34
  22. While commonly assumed in the biochemistry community that the control of metabolic pathways is thought to be critical to cellular function, it is unclear if metabolic pathways generally have evolutionarily sta...

    Authors: Alena Orlenko, Ashley I. Teufel, Peter B. Chi and David A. Liberles
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:31
  23. The discovery of the viroid in 1971, which initiated the third major expansion of the biosphere towards smaller living entities—after discovery of the “subvisual” microorganisms in 1675 and that of the “submic...

    Authors: Theodor O. Diener
    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:15
  24. The structure and organisation of ecological interactions within an ecosystem is modified by the evolution and coevolution of the individual species it contains. Understanding how historical conditions have sh...

    Authors: Daniel A. Power, Richard A. Watson, Eörs Szathmáry, Rob Mills, Simon T. Powers, C. Patrick Doncaster and BłaŻej Czapp
    Citation: Biology Direct 2015 10:69

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Biology Direct 2016 11:29

  25. Many proteins of viruses infecting hyperthermophilic Crenarchaeota have no detectable homologs in current databases, hampering our understanding of viral evolution. We used sensitive database search methods an...

    Authors: Mart Krupovic, Virginija Cvirkaite-Krupovic, David Prangishvili and Eugene V. Koonin
    Citation: Biology Direct 2015 10:65
  26. Transposable elements (TEs) play an important role in genome function and evolution. It has been shown that TEs are a considerable source of adaptive changes in the genome of Drosophila melanogaster. Specifically...

    Authors: Josefa González, Jose Martínez and Wojciech Makalowski
    Citation: Biology Direct 2015 10:50

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