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Biology Direct


Section edited by Frank Eisenhaber and Sandor Pongor

The Bioinformatics section will be the publishing channel for scientific articles that report about theoretical, computational and data analysis approaches applied to biological, medical and other life science related problems, and the results and insights that have been achieved with them. Special emphasis is given to manuscripts that deal with biological mechanism interpretation to biomolecular sequence data and data from other experimental high-throughput techniques. This section also covers all fields of bioinformatics and computational biology that might not be handled by other subsections of Biology Direct. Hypotheses are welcome as long as they are based on rigorous scientific standards and as they fit existing data. Manuscripts describing new methods or software developments need to demonstrate that a major improvement has been achieved, and this has led to either improved accuracy by orders of magnitude, lowered resource consumption and/or some new biological insight.

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  1. Content type: Research

    The experience with running various types of classification on the CAMDA neuroblastoma dataset have led us to the conclusion that the results are not always obvious and may differ depending on type of analysis...

    Authors: Anna Leśniewska, Joanna Zyprych-Walczak, Alicja Szabelska-Beręsewicz and Michal J. Okoniewski

    Citation: Biology Direct 2018 13:3

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  2. Content type: Research

    Though earlier works on modelling transcript abundance from vertebrates to lower eukaroytes have specifically singled out the Zip’s law, the observed distributions often deviate from a single power-law slope. ...

    Authors: Wing-Cheong Wong, Hong-kiat Ng, Erwin Tantoso, Richie Soong and Frank Eisenhaber

    Citation: Biology Direct 2018 13:2

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  3. Content type: Application note

    The Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs) of proteins systematize evolutionary related proteins into specific groups with similar functions. However, the available databases do not provide means to assess the ...

    Authors: Daria V. Dibrova, Kirill A. Konovalov, Vadim V. Perekhvatov, Konstantin V. Skulachev and Armen Y. Mulkidjanian

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:29

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  4. Content type: Application note

    In prokaryotic genomes, functionally coupled genes can be organized in conserved gene clusters enabling their coordinated regulation. Such clusters could contain one or several operons, which are groups of co-...

    Authors: Olesya I. Klimchuk, Kirill A. Konovalov, Vadim V. Perekhvatov, Konstantin V. Skulachev, Daria V. Dibrova and Armen Y. Mulkidjanian

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:26

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  5. Content type: Research

    Programmed ribosomal frameshifting (PRF) is a gene expression mechanism which enables the translation of two N-terminally coincident, C-terminally distinct protein products from a single mRNA. Many viruses uti...

    Authors: Adam M. Dinan, John F. Atkins and Andrew E. Firth

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:24

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  6. Content type: Research

    Bacterial species present in multispecies microbial communities often react to the same chemical signal but at vastly different concentrations. The existence of different response thresholds with respect to th...

    Authors: János Juhász, Dóra Bihary, Attila Jády, Sándor Pongor and Balázs Ligeti

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:22

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  7. Content type: Research

    Oil palm is an important source of edible oil. The importance of the crop, as well as its long breeding cycle (10-12 years) has led to the sequencing of its genome in 2013 to pave the way for genomics-guided b...

    Authors: Kuang-Lim Chan, Tatiana V. Tatarinova, Rozana Rosli, Nadzirah Amiruddin, Norazah Azizi, Mohd Amin Ab Halim, Nik Shazana Nik Mohd Sanusi, Nagappan Jayanthi, Petr Ponomarenko, Martin Triska, Victor Solovyev, Mohd Firdaus-Raih, Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi, Denis Murphy and Eng-Ti Leslie Low

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:21

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  8. Content type: Research

    Much effort is underway to build and upgrade databases and tools related to occurrence, diversity, and characterization of CRISPR-Cas systems. As microbial communities and their genome complements are unearthe...

    Authors: Alice Toms and Rodolphe Barrangou

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:20

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  9. Content type: Discovery notes

    We report a comprehensive computational dissection of the domain architecture of the SAMD9 family proteins that are involved in antivirus and antitumor response in humans. We show that the SAMD9 protein family...

    Authors: Sergei L. Mekhedov, Kira S. Makarova and Eugene V. Koonin

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:13

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  10. Content type: Discovery notes

    The protein Gcn1 (General control non-derepressible 1) is found in virtually all eukaryotes, and is a key component of the general amino acid control signal transduction pathway. This pathway is best known for...

    Authors: Ramachandran Rakesh, Rangachari Krishnan, Evelyn Sattlegger and Narayanaswamy Srinivasan

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:12

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  11. Content type: Research

    TRIF is a key protein in antiviral innate immunity, operating downstream of TLRs. TRIF activation leads to the production of interferon-β and pro-inflammatory cytokines. There is evidence from experiments to s...

    Authors: Jarjapu Mahita and Ramanathan Sowdhamini

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:9

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  12. Content type: Research

    Recent developments of high throughput sequencing technologies allow the characterization of the microbial communities inhabiting our world. Various metagenomic studies have suggested using microbial taxa as p...

    Authors: Mustafa Alshawaqfeh, Ahmad Bashaireh, Erchin Serpedin and Jan Suchodolski

    Citation: Biology Direct 2017 12:4

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  13. Content type: Research

    It is believed that all cancers occur due to the mutation or change in one or more genes. In order to investigate the significance of the biological pathways which are interrupted by these genetic mutations, w...

    Authors: Sinjini Sikdar, Somnath Datta and Susmita Datta

    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:65

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  14. Content type: Research

    While the local-mode HMMER3 is notable for its massive speed improvement, the slower glocal-mode HMMER2 is more exact for domain annotation by enforcing full domain-to-sequence alignments. Since a unit of doma...

    Authors: Choon-Kong Yap, Birgit Eisenhaber, Frank Eisenhaber and Wing-Cheong Wong

    Citation: Biology Direct 2016 11:63

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