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Table 2 Differences between predictions of the classical theories of evolution and frozen plasticity theory of evolution.

From: Elastic, not plastic species: Frozen plasticity theory and the origin of adaptive evolution in sexually reproducing organisms

  clasical theory frozen plasticity theory
anagenesis and cladogenesis **1, 2 are independent are coupled
divergence of species1 does not correlate with taxon richness correlates with taxon richness
genetic polymorphism **3 accelerates evolution decelerates evolution
species respond to selection *4 plastically (as plasticine) elastically (as ruber)
species are adapted to *5 current environment original environment
local and global abundance **6 correlate for any species do not correlate for old species
abundance of species is independent of species age decreases with species age
ability of species to respond to environmental changes **7 is independent of species age decreases with species age
species on islands are derived *1 as much as those on continents more than those on continents
asexual species are*8 less adapted to their environment more adapted to their environment
cross-pollinating species *9 as stable as self-pollinating species more stable than self-pollinating species
invasive species **10 express average heritability express higher heritability
domesticated species express average heritability express higher heritability
domesticated species express average age are evolutionarily younger
successful selection*11 has no influence on fitness decreases fitness
rate of anagenesis in a clade* is (on average) constant usually decreases
two species in the same niche* usually cannot coexist frequently can coexist
slow long-term trends* are hardly possible are quite possible
  1. Two asterisks denote the predictions that have already been tested and support the frozen plasticity model. One asterisk denotes the predictions that have not been intentionally tested but are supported by published data. 1[57], 2[58], 3[59, 60], 4[17], 5[61], 6[62], 7[45], 8[63, 64], 9[65], 10[6668], 11[69, 70]. For explanation see [46] and (Flegr J.: Microevolutionary a macroevolutionary implication of Frozen plasticity theory of adaptive evolution, submitted).