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Table 1 The 41 archaeal genomes included in the arCOGs

From: Clusters of orthologous genes for 41 archaeal genomes and implications for evolutionary genomics of archaea

Species Division Lineage Abbreviation Genome size, Mb Number of annotated protein-coding genes OGTa Life style and other features Refb GenBank accession
Aeropyrum pernix Crenarchaeota Desulfurococcales Aerpe 1.7 1700 90°C Aerobic chemorganotroph, sulfur enhances growth [60] BA000002.3
Caldivirga maquilingensis IC-167 Crenarchaeota Thermoproteales Calma 2 1943 90°C Moderate acidophile, heterotroph, anaerobe or microaerophyle   AAXQ00000000
Cenarchaeum symbiosum Crenarchaeota Cenarchaeales Censy 2 2017 ~10°C Moderate psychrophile, uncultivated symbiont of sponges [33] DP000238
Hyperthermus butylicus Crenarchaeota Desulfurococcales Hypbu 1.7 1602 >100°C Hyperthermophilic neutrophile, anaerobe [61] CP000493.1
Pyrobaculum aerophilum Crenarchaeota Thermoproteales Pyrae 2.2 2605 100°C Facultative nitrate-reducing anaerobe [62] AE009441.1
Pyrobaculum calidifontis JCM 11548 Crenarchaeota Thermoproteales Pyrca 2 2149 100°C Same as Pyrae NA CP000561.1
Pyrobaculum islandicum DSM 4184 Crenarchaeota Thermoproteales Pyris 1.8 1978 100°C Same as Pyrae NA CP000504.1
Staphylothermus marinus F1 Crenarchaeota Desulfurococcales Stama 1.6 1570 80°C Anaerobic submarine heterotroph NA CP000575.1
Sulfolobus acidocaldarius DSM 639 Crenarchaeota Sulfolobales Sulac 2.2 2223 80°C Aerobic thermoacidophile [63] CP000077.1
Sulfolobus solfataricus Crenarchaeota Sulfolobales Sulso 3 2977 80°C Sulfur-metabolizing chemorganotroph, thermoacidophilic, motile aerobe [64] AE006641.1
Sulfolobus tokodaii Crenarchaeota Sulfolobales Sulto 2.7 2825 80°C Same as Sulso [65] BA000023.2
Thermofilum pendens Hrk 5 Crenarchaeota Thermoproteales Thepe 1.8 1876 92°C Acidophilic anaerobe NA CP000505.1
Thermoproteus tenax Crenarchaeota Thermoproteales Thete 1.8 2021 96°C Facultative hydrogen-sulfur authotroph, anaerobe NA n/a
Archaeoglobus fulgidus Euryarchaeota Archaeoglobales Arcfu 2.2 2420 83°C Motile, anaerobic, sulfate-reducing chemolito- or chemorgano- autothroph [66] AE000782.1
Haloarcula marismortui ATCC 43049 Euryarchaeota Halobacteriales Halma 4.3 4240 37°C Chemoorganotrophic obligate halophile [67] AY596297.1
Halobacterium sp Euryarchaeota Halobacteriales Halsp 2.6 2622 37°C Aerobic chemorganotroph, obligate halophile, proteolytic, motile, with cell envelope; 2 extrachromosomal elements [68] AE004437.1
Haloquadratum walsbyi Euryarchaeota Halobacteriales Halwa 3.2 2646 37°C Halophilic, aerobic heterotroph [69] AM180088.1
Methano-thermobacter thermo-autotrophicus Euryarchaeota Methanobacteriales Metth 1.8 1873 65°C Chemolitoautothroph, strict anaerobe, nitrogen-fixing methanogen [70] AE000666.1
Methanococcoides burtonii DSM 6242 Euryarchaeota Methanosarcinales Metbu 2.6 2273 23°C Psychrotolerant, strictly anaerobic, slightly halophilic methylotroph NA CP000300.1
Methanocaldo-coccus jannaschii Euryarchaeota Methanococcales Metja 1.7 1786 85°C Chemolito-autothrophic, strictly anaerobic, motile methanogen, 2 extrachromosomal elements [71] L77117.1
Methanococcus maripaludis C5 Euryarchaeota Methanococcales MetmC 1.8 1822 37°C Mesophilic hydrogenotrophic, nitrogen-fixing methanogen [72] CP000609.1
Methanococcus maripaludis S2 Euryarchaeota Methanococcales Metmp 1.7 1722 37°C same as MetmC NA BX950229.1
Methanocorpusculum labreanum Z Euryarchaeota Methanomicrobiales Metla 1.8 1739 37°C Strictly anaerobic, CO2 fixing methanogen NA CP000559.1
Methanoculleus marisnigri JR1 Euryarchaeota Methanomicrobiales Metcu 2.5 2489 37°C Strictly anaerobic methanogen NA CP000562.1
Methanopyrus kandleri Euryarchaeota Methanopyrales Metka 1.7 1687 110°C Chemolito-autothrophic, strictly anaerobic, methanogen, high intracellular salt concentration [41] AE009439.1
Methanosaeta thermophila PT Euryarchaeota Methanosarcinales Metsa 1.9 1696 60°C Strictly anaerobic methanogen NA CP000477.1
Methanosarcina acetivorans Euryarchaeota Methanosarcinales Metac 5.8 4540 37°C Chemolito-autothrophic, anaerobic, nitrogen-fixing, versatile methanogen, motile, forms multicellular structures [73] AE010299.1
Methanosarcina barkeri fusaro Euryarchaeota Methanosarcinales Metba 4.8 3624 37°C Same as Mac [74] CP000099.1
Methanosarcina mazei Euryarchaeota Methanosarcinales Metma 4.1 3370 37°C Same as Mac [75] AE008384.1
Methanosphaera stadtmanae Euryarchaeota Methanobacteriales Metst 1.8 1534 37°C Methanogen, human intestinal inhabitant [76] CP000102.1
Methanospirillum hungatei JF-1 Euryarchaeota Methanomicrobiales Methu 3.5 3139 37°C Strictly anaerobic methanogen NA CP000254.1
Natronomonas pharaonis Euryarchaeota Halobacteriales Natph 2.8 2822 37°C Extreme haloalkaliphile [77] CR936257.1
Picrophilus torridus DSM 9790 Euryarchaeota Thermoplasmales Picto 1.6 1535 65°C Extremely acidophilic moderate thermophile [78] AE017261.1
Pyrococcus abyssi Euryarchaeota Thermococcales Pyrab 1.8 1898 96°C Same as Pho [79] AL096836.1
Pyrococcus furiosus Euryarchaeota Thermococcales Pyrfu 1.9 2125 96°C Same as Pho [80] AE009950.1
Pyrococcus horikoshii Euryarchaeota Thermococcales Pyrho 1.7 1955 96°C Anaerobic, motile heterotroph [81] BA000001.2
Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1 Euryarchaeota Thermococcales Theko 2.1 2306 85°C Anaerobic heterotroph [82] AP006878.1
Thermoplasma acidophilum Euryarchaeota Thermoplasmales Theac 1.6 1482 59°C Chemorganotrophic, thermoacidophilic, motile facultative anaerobe [83] AL139299.1
Thermoplasma volcanium Euryarchaeota Thermoplasmales Thevo 1.6 1499 60°C Same as Tac [84] BA000011.4
Uncultured methanogenic archaeon Euryarchaeota ? Uncme 3.2 3085 37°C Methanogen isolated from rice rhizosphere NA AM114193.2
Nanoarchaeum equitans Nanoarchaeota ? Naneq 0.5 536 80°C Obligate symbiont of the crenarchaeon Ignicoccus [30] AE017199.1
  1. aOGT, optimal growth temperature
  2. bOnly the references that report the complete genome of the respective species and its initial analysis are cited