A scheme of self-replicating RNA with strand displacement. a and b show the two possible outcomes for replication from a double-stranded RNA by strand displacement. The single-stranded (+) catalyzes replication reactions, and is thus replicase. The single-stranded (-) carries no catalytic function. While it is arbitrary whether we designate single-stranded (+) strands or single-stranded (-) strands as replicases, the assumption that only one of the strands is the replicase is important. c shows the entire set of self-replication processes. Solid arrows represent replication reactions, where the origin of the arrows is the template and the end point of the affows is the product of replication. Dashed arrows represent catalysis. Note that both single-stranded (+) and (-) can serve as a template for replication, wherein replication gives rise to a double-stranded molecule.